For a long time i simply added targets to my students’ books, and imprecise targets at that. An example target could be ‘To improve spelling’. Well if i am a 15 year old student, this statement effectively means nothing, and thus is a waste of both our time. A more precise target is needed, which could be ‘To improve spelling of words with common prefixes’. But even now with a clearer target, the student is still at a loss as to know how to get there. What s/he needs is a STRATEGY to achieve the target. In the above example, the strategy would be to complete 3 prescribed activities on prefixes.
No matter what your subject, provide students with tangible strategies, so students have a clear idea of how to achieve the targets they have been set. Otherwise, you are wasting your own time, time you can’t afford to lose.